Canada/Mexico/United States Trilateral Committee

for Wildlife and Ecosystem

Conservation and Management






Yvan Lafleur, Environment Canada

Rchard Charette, Environment Canada

Brenda Morehouse, Environment Canada

Diana Ponce Nava, Procuraduría Federal de Protección al Ambiente

Mónica Alegre, Procuraduría Federal de Protección al Ambiente

Ignacio González, Commission of Environmental Cooperation

Richard Marks, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service


ISSUE: Review of Law Enforcement Table operations

Members of the Law Enforcement Table feel that the Table is functioning very well. The Table is small, its organization is tight, and concrete results are implemented as a result of its initiatives. Table members have regular contact throughout the year to follow-up on trilateral action items and other matters. Law enforcement issues necessitate trans-boundary cooperation.


ISSUE: 2002 Action Items report

All action items from 2002 were implemented.


ISSUE: Plant seminar follow-up

The Enforcement Workshop on Trade and Illegal Harvest of Protected Plant Species saw 59 participants and covered five subject areas: orchids, cacti, tropical woods, cycads, and uses and traditional knowledge of flora. Both theoretical and practical, hands-on approaches were used in the delivery.  A new CITES Identification Guide for Tropical Woods was produced in 2002 by Canada and USDA, with support from diverse organizations, and was distributed at the seminar.  Mexico is expanding the training of its officers and Canada is adjusting the seminar based on the experience in Xalapa.

Action: Investigate the potential need and resource opportunities to develop a cycad identification guide.

Leads: Richard Charette and Monica Alegre. Richard Marks will check on potential interest of the Office of Scientific Affairs, USFWS.


ISSUE: 2003 NAWEG budget and upcoming seminar

The budget for NAWEG is 10% smaller this year due to increased responsibilities of the Law & Policy program of the CEC. A seminar on intelligence will be supported by the CEC for the year 2003-04.  Canada is also holding an intelligence course and invited the US and Mexico to attend.

Action:  Plan and deliver an intelligence seminar to facilitate improved targeting of enforcement activities and common approaches between the three countries. The seminar will be hosted by Canada in winter 2004. The focus of intelligence seminar will include: principles of intelligence gathering, tools, methods, how to set up an intelligence program, and developing a common alert system for North America. 

Leads: Richard Charette and Graham Ridley, Canada.


ISSUE: Report on discussions with INECE, WCO and Interpol on creation of Enforcement Network with guest from Defenders of Wildlife.  There is a desire and a need to create an online enforcement network through INECE and NAWEG.

Action: Yvan Lafleur will amend the project proposal based on comments received; will approach the CEC to test their interest; and distribute the revised proposal broadly for comment. Yvan will also meet with person involved with NOAA’s fisheries network system to learn from their experiences.


ISSUE: Position and involvement of NAWEG in the Enforcement Network

Action: All agree to remain involved in the project.


ISSUE: NAWEG special report

The goal is to have the special report prepared in time for the June, 2003 CEC council meeting.

Action: Richard Marks will verify US content and send any comment by May 12.

Action: Ignacio Gonzalez will ensure design is developed by May 12.

Action: All will send any potentially useful photos to Ignacio Gonzalez by May 12.

Action: Yvan Lafleur will submit final report to CEC for printing by May 15.

Action: Ignacio Gonzalez will ensure the report is prepared and delivered for the CEC-JPAC meeting of June.


ISSUE: Chair of NAWEG for the next two years

The US will be the chair of the Enforcement Table for the next two years.   Members thanked Yvan Lafleur from Canada for chairing the table for the last two years.


ISSUE: CEC council session in June with Environmental ministers in Washington.  The CEC council will be meeting June 24-25th and on of the main issues will be the Enforcement Working Group (EWG).

Action: Representatives from NAWEG will make a presentation to the council.

Action: All will send any comments on the new pamphlet entitled “The North American Working Group on Environmental Enforcement and Compliance Cooperation” to Ignacio Gonzalez by May 12.

Action: Ignacio Gonzalez will clarify the agenda for the CEC council meeting in terms of how wildlife enforcement issues are addressed in the US and Canada in time for the meeting in June.


ISSUE: Eagle feather transport

Patricia Dwyer from Canada made a presentation to the Table on the issue of eagle feather transport. On Feb 1st, 2003, the USFWS implemented a new policy that will allow Indian people from Canada to bring personally owned, legally possessed eagle items into the United States for religious and cultural use. US Customs officials have been advised of these new procedures and they will abide by them.

Action: A new information sheet for Canada is being developed and will be distributed.